Azerbaijan gained independence in October 1991. However, the aggression of Armenia with the intention of aggression made the situation in the republic tense.
During this difficult period of the country, he was the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan (1969-1982), then a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, in 1991-1993 he was a member of the Supreme Assembly of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Chairman Heydar Aliyev returned to power. On June 15, 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Thus, June 15 entered the history of Azerbaijan as National Liberation Day.
A brief history of events
Heydar Aliyev during his speech at the meeting on June 15, 1993, when he was elected the chairman of the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan
In Azerbaijan, which was subject to the undeclared military aggression of Armenians, he launched his plan to start a fratricide, lay the groundwork for a civil war, and create separatism and fragmentation tendencies in individual regions, and to put an end to the existence of Azerbaijan as a state once and for all. Despite two years of independence, the country still could not escape the wave of coups. On June 4, 1993, the disobedience of the military unit under the control of Colonel Surat Huseynov in Ganja led the country into chaos. The emergency steps taken by the authorities to control the situation did not improve the situation. On the contrary, the state representatives who were leaving for Ganja were taken hostage. The leadership of the rebel military unit first demanded the resignation of the Prime Minister and the Speaker of the Milli Majlis, and then the President. The situation is getting out of control, the executive heads of the surrounding regions are forcibly replaced, Surat Huseynov's uprising was spreading out of the limited Ganja suburbs and towards Baku. There were dead and wounded. At such a time, in order to save the state from destruction, the country's leadership decided to invite Heydar Aliyev, the chairman of the Nakhchivan Supreme Assembly, to Baku.
After returning to Bakunra Heydar Aliyev, who left for Ganja to negotiate with Surat Huseynov, gave a statement about the events of Ganja at the meeting of the Milli Majlis. Thus, on June 15, Heydar Aliyev was elected the Speaker of the Parliament in place of Isa Gambar, who resigned.
Later, the MPs made a proposal to put June 15 on the calendar as Azerbaijan's Liberation Day, and the Milli Majlis approved this proposal. Since then, Heydar Aliyev's return to power has been celebrated as National Liberation Day. People have been commemorating this day by visiting Heydar Aliyev's grave for several years now.
June 15 is the day when National Leader Heydar Aliyev was elected the chairman of the Parliament of Azerbaijan.
16 years ago, after the military unit led by Surat Huseynov revolted in Ganja on June 4 and demanded the resignation of the Chairman of the Milli Majlis, Isa Gambar, and Prime Minister Panah Huseyn, anarchy arose in the country.
Colonel Surat Huseynov's military unit headed towards the capital after taking full control of Ganja. In order to get out of the situation, the then APC-Musavat government had to invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku.
In response to this call, Heydar Aliyev returned to Baku on June 9 and immediately left for Ganja to negotiate with Surat Huseynov. On June 15, he was elected the chairman of the parliament.
Heydar Aliyev was elected the country's president after the vote of no confidence in President Abulfaz Elchibe. In a short time, Heydar Aliyev suppressed the uprising and managed to sign a ceasefire agreement with Armenia.
Since 1997, June 15 has been celebrated as the National Liberation Day by the decision of the parliament.HAPPY HOLIDAY